Napoleons coded Kremlin letter sold for nearly $250,000
A secret code letter sent by French emperor Napoleon boasting that his multinational forces would blow up Moscows Kremlin has sold at auction Sunday for 187,500 ($243,500) 10 times its estimated presale price.
A Paris museum, the Museum of Letters and Manuscripts, was finalizing its purchase of the Oct. 20, 1812, document with elegantly calligraphic ciphers.
The sale price, which includes fees, far outstripped the pre-sale estimate of 15,000 ($19,500), according to Fontainebleau Auction House south of Paris.
In this photo taken Wednesday, Nov. 28, 2012, a letter dictated by Napoleon in secret code that declares his intentions "to blow up the Kremlin" during his ill-fated Russian campaign is displayed in Fontainebleau, outside Paris. The rare letter, written in unusually emotive language, sees Napoleon complain of harsh conditions and the shortcomings of his grand army.
Experts say the letter is unique, written in a numeric code that Napoleon often used to throw off would-be interceptors notably when he was conveying battle plans. The letters content also revealed the strains on Napoleon of his calamitous Russian invasion.
"At three oclock in the morning, on the 22nd I am going to blow up the Kremlin," the letter said, laying out his route of retreat and urging his minions to send rations to the towns to the west. "My cavalry is in tatters, many horses are dying."
Napoleons prolific correspondence has drawn aficionados from around the world in places like the U.S., Britain, Japan and Russia. Interest appears to be rising as museums like the Museum of Letters and Manuscripts prepare to mark the bicentennial of Napoleons final defeat at Waterloo in 1815.
The Kremlin letter was but one piece in the vast auction Sunday. A 310-page manuscript for the "Essay on countryside fortification," which Napoleon wrote while exiled on the remote island of Saint Helena in 1818-1919, was also bought by the Paris museum for 375,000 ($487,000), including fees.
Gerard Lheritier, director of the Paris museum, said it already has at least 1,500 letters, manuscripts or other writings linked to Napoleon Bonaparte. It recently acquired one from Japan that Napoleon had written to the Empress Josephine; it fetched 600,000-700,000, he said.
Read the full article at: news.yahoo.com
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